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City in northern Poland, on the Brda and Vistula rivers, with a population of 369,151 (2004), agglomeration more than 400 000, which makes it the 8th biggest city in Poland. It has been the co-capital with Toruń of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship since 1999, and was previously the capital of the Bydgoszcz Voivodeship (1947-1998) and before that, of the Pomeranian Voivodeship (1945-1947). Since 1999 it is also the seat of Bydgoszcz County. Bydgoszcz is part of the metroplex Bydgoszcz-Toruń with Toruń, only 45 km away, and over 850,000 inhabitants. Bydgoszcz is the seat of Casimir the Great University, University of Technology and Life Sciences and a conservatory as well as a Collegium Medicum of Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń. Bydgoszcz has a famous Concert Hall (Filharmonia Pomorska), opera house Opera Nova,




History of Bydgoszcz


The cradle of the town was one of the islands created by Brda River separating its main current. Originally, at place of today's town there was a castellan burg city called Budegac, of which the first mentions are dated back to 1238. The task of the burg city was to protect crossing the river and to defend borders of Mazovia, first against Prussia and later against Knights of the Cross. Bydgoszcz received the civic rights in 1346 from Polish king Casimir the Great. Since then the quick flourishing of Bydgoszcz started; the brick town was built as a greenfield project, with waterworks, eight churches, king's castle, bailey, gates, towers, and mint. The salt and corn trades were being developed, as well as, the educational system; mills and granaries were being erected.  (more)


Get to Bydgoszcz


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Bydgoszcz Prezentation

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